When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
A book on the metaphysics of quantum mechanics. November ] Forthcoming in Philosophical Perspectives. This paper is an investigation of the general logic of "identifications", claims such as 'To be a vixen is to be a female fox', 'To be human is to be a rational animal', and 'To be just is to help one's friends and harm one's enemies', many of which are of great importance to philosophers.
I advocate understanding such claims as expressing higher-order identity, and discuss a variety of different general laws which they might be thought to obey. Cambridge University Press, We develop a Bayesian framework for thinking about the way evidence about the here and now can bear on hypotheses about the qualitative character of the world as a whole, including hypotheses according to which the total population of the world is infinite.
We show how this framework makes sense of the practice cosmologists have recently adopted in their reasoning about such hypotheses.
Against Counterfactual Miracles Philosophical Review This paper considers how counterfactuals should be evaluated on the assumption that determinism is true.
I argue against Lewis's influential view that then the actual laws of nature would have been false if something had happened that never actually happened, and in favour of the competing view that history would have been different all the way back.
I argue that we can do adequate justice to our ordinary practice of relying on a wide range of historical truths in evaluating counterfactuals by saying that, in typical cases, history would have been only very slightly different until shortly before the relevant time. The paper also draws some connections between the puzzle about counterfactuals under determinism and the debate about whether determinism is consistent with people having unexercised abilities.
Diamonds Are Forever with Jeremy Goodman We defend the thesis that every necessarily true proposition is always true. Since not every proposition that is always true is necessarily true, our thesis is at odds with theories of modality and time, such as those of David Kaplan and Kit Fine, which posit a fundamental symmetry between modal and tense operators.
According to such theories, just as it is a contingent matter what is true at a given time, it is likewise a temporary matter what is true at a given possible world; so a proposition that is now true at all worlds, and thus necessarily true, may yet at some past or future time be false in the actual world, and thus not always true.
We reconstruct and criticise several lines of argument in favour of such a picture, and argue against it on the grounds that such a picture is inconsistent with certain sorts of contingency in the structure of time. This paper bolsters Mahtani's argument, shows her conjecture to be true, and shows that imposing certain further natural constraints on "variable radius" models does not change the situation.
Quantifier variantists hold that certain relatively minor differences in use, involving differences in our dispositions with respect to certain "ontological" questions, would affect the meanings of the quantifiers in such a way that whichever answers to those questions we were disposed to accept would be true in our mouths.
Harris proved some theorems which have been widely taken to support the claim that the meanings of all logical constants, including the quantifiers, are uniquely pinned down by certain very general and counterfactually robust facts about how we use them.
This paper attempts to get clear on the assumptions required to get from the relevant theorems to this claim of semantic stability, with a view to seeing whether the theorems provide the basis for a non-question-begging argument against quantifier variantism.
Most of the meanings we express belong to large families of variant meanings, among which it would be implausible to suppose that some are much more apt for being expressed than others. This abundance of candidate meanings creates pressure to think that the proposition attributing any particular meaning to an expression is modally plastic: However, such plasticity seems to threaten ordinary counterfactuals whose consequents contain speech reports, since it is hard to see how we could reasonably be confident in a counterfactual whose consequent can only be true if a certain very finely-tuned microphysical configuration obtains.
In this paper, we develop the foregoing puzzle and explore several possible solutions. Reference and Non-existenceed. The key idea is that the context-sensitivity of attitude reports can be, and often is, resolved in different ways within a single sentence.
We present and discuss a counterexample to the following plausible principle: Appeared May Seth Yalcin has pointed out some puzzling facts about the behaviour of epistemic modals in certain embedded contexts. These facts pose a prima facie problem for an orthodox treatment of epistemic modals, according to which they express propositions about the knowledge of some contextually specified individual or group.
This paper develops an explanation of the puzzling facts about embedding within an orthodox framework, using broadly Gricean resources.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines.
If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. On the following line, write a summary of the key points of your research.
APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association and is use in psychology writing as well as other social sciences. These style guidelines specify different aspects of a document's presentation and layout, including how pages are structured, the organization of references, and how citations are made. Hire a highly qualified essay writer to cater for all your content needs. Whether you struggle to write an essay, coursework, research paper, annotated bibliography or dissertation, we’ll connect you with a screened academic writer for effective writing assistance. Below you can find some basic tips and guidelines on how to write effective expository essay and perform well in academic writing. Also, you can review our expository essay sample to get some practical insights on how to produce paper effectively.
Your abstract summary is a way to. WHAT IS AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY? An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation.
Hypothesis Exercise Take 5 minutes and write down everything that interests you about psychology/human behavior.
Look at your list and pick your five favorites List them in order of your favorites Take another five minutes an try to come up with one testable hypothesis for all five of them.
Approved by the ACRL Board of Directors, October Introduction. The Information Literacy Competency Standards for Nursing were completed and submitted to ACRL by the Health Sciences Interest Group - Information Literacy Standards for Nursing Task force in the spring of