Philosophical traditions confucianism daoism legalism

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Philosophical traditions confucianism daoism legalism

Chinese Philosophy refers to any of several schools of philosophical thought in the Chinese tradition, including Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism, Buddhism and Mohism see below for brief introductions to these schools.

It has a long history of several thousand years. During this time, both gods and ancestors were worshipped and there were human and animal sacrifices. The text describes an ancient system of cosmology and philosophy that is intrinsic to ancient Chinese cultural beliefs, centering on the ideas of the dynamic balance of opposites, the evolution of events as a process, and acceptance of the inevitability of change.

It consists of a series of symbols, rules for manipulating these symbols, poems and commentary, and is sometimes regarded as a system of divination. In about B. Along with the gradual parallel introduction of Buddhism, these two schools have remained the determining forces of Chinese thought up until the 20th Century.

The thought of Confucius

During the Industrial and Modern Ages, Chinese philosophy also began to integrate concepts of Western philosophy.

Sun Yat-Sen - attempted to incorporate elements of democracy, republicanism and industrialism at the Philosophical traditions confucianism daoism legalism of the 20th century, while Mao Zedong - later added Marxism, Stalinism and other communist thought.

During the Cultural Revolution of -most previous schools of thought, with the notable exception of Legalism, were denounced as backward and purged, although their influence has remained.

Major Schools The main schools of Chinese philosophy are: This school was developed from the teachings of the sage Confucius - B.

Nature and significance

It is a system of moral, social, political, and quasi-religious thought, whose influence also spread to Korea and Japan. The major Confucian concepts include ren humanity or humanenesszhengming similar to the concept of the Mandate of Heavenzhong loyaltyxiao filial pietyand li ritual.

It introduced the Golden Rule essentially, treat others as you would like to be treatedthe concept of Yin and Yang two opposing forces that are permanently in conflict with each other, leading to perpetual contradiction and changethe idea of meritocracy, and of reconciling opposites in order to arrive at some middle ground combining the best of both.

Philosophical traditions confucianism daoism legalism

Confucianism is not necessarily regarded as a religion, allowing one to be a Taoist, Christian, Muslim, Shintoist or Buddhist and still profess Confucianist beliefs. Sometimes also written Daoism, Taoism is a philosophy which later also developed into a religion.

Tao literally means "path" or "way", although it more often used as a meta-physical term that describes the flow of the universe, or the force behind the natural order. The Three Jewels of the Tao are compassion, moderation, and humility.

Taoist thought focuses on wu wei "non-action"spontaneity, humanism, relativism, emptiness and the strength of softness or flexibility.

Nature and ancestor spirits are common in popular Taoism, although typically there is also a pantheon of gods, often headed by the Jade Emperor. The Yin and Yang symbol is important in Taoist symbology as in Confucianismas are the Eight Trigrams, and a zigzag with seven stars which represent the Big Dipper star constellation.

Philosophical traditions of Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism | Essay Example

Legalism is a pragmatic political philosophy, whose main motto is "set clear strict laws, or deliver harsh punishment", and its essential principle is one of jurisprudence.

According to Legalism, a ruler should govern his subjects according to Fa law or principleShu method, tactic, art, or statecraft and Shi legitimacy, power, or charisma. Under Li Si in the 3rd century B. Buddhism is a religion, a practical philosophy and arguably a psychology, focusing on the teachings of Buddha Siddhartha Gautamawho lived in India from the mid-6th to the early 5th Century B.

It was introduced to China from Indiaprobably some time during the 1st Century B. Chinese tradition focuses on ethics rather than metaphysics, and it developed several schools distinct from the originating Indian schoolsand in the process integrated the ideas of Confucianism, Taoism and other indigenous philosophical systems into itself.

Mohism was founded by Mozi c. It promotes universal love with the aim of mutual benefit, such that everyone must love each other equally and impartially to avoid conflict and war.

Mozi was strongly against Confucian ritual, instead emphasizing pragmatic survival through farming, fortification and statecraft.

In some ways, his philosophy parallels Western utilitarianism. Although popular during the latter part of the Zhou Dynasty, many Mohist texts were destroyed during the succeeding Qin Dynasty, and it was finally supplanted completely by Confucianism during the Han Dynasty.Daoism (Wade-Giles: "Taoism") is the English name for a cluster of Chinese religious and philosophical traditions that have developed over more than two thousand years in China and have influenced religio-cultural developments in Korea, Japan, and other East Asian countries.

However, despite the centrality of this tradition in Chinese culture, the definition of what actually constitutes Daoism. Legalism was far different in its ideals and approach unlike its predecessors.

While Confucianism tried to gain total harmony with social order and Daoism searched for the same result in nature, Legalist believed that a strong political structure was the answer. Philosophical traditions of Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism Essay Sample.

In the middle of the chaos of political weakness and constant warring of the Zhou era, arose many creative thinkers that brought such a knowledgeable impact in . Philosophy is the systematic study of the foundations of human knowledge with an emphasis on the conditions of its validity and finding answers to ultimate questions.

While every other science aims at investigating a specific area of knowledge, such as physics or psychology, philosophy has been defined as “thinking about thinking.”At the same time, as expressed by its Greek etymology. New Philosophies for the Ancient Chinese people: Confucianism Daoism Legalism.

Confucianism During the late Zhou Dynasty, a major problem had arisen in China: the Chinese society was falling apart. While there was a king, the real power was in the hands of Confucianism is a unique teaching that is both philosophical and religious.

It has. Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life. Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (– BCE), who considered himself a recodifier and retransmitter of the theology.

Daoism - New World Encyclopedia