Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Mitch Anderson It will change the face of the Amazon basin forever; it will devastate lives and destroy the cultural identity of many indigenous tribes.
The complicated history of controversy surrounding the dam is enumerated chronologically below. Ad Right Inpeople occupied the construction site for 21 days and dug a symbolic channel through the earthen dam blocking a portion of the Pingu top.
The environmental licensing process, which is currently ongoing and has been fraught with legal battles, includes four stages: July 24, Public Civil Action Law Law permits MPF to litigate in defense of collective and diffuse interests, including those concerning damages to the environment.
Both the Government and community have a duty to defend and preserve the environment for present and future generations Article This legislation requires Congress to consult with indigenous peoples before authorizing use of water resources, including hydropower, on their lands Article and expands the power of the MPF to enforce environmental laws Articles 5, 23, 24, and October 11, Eletronorte submits the final report on the first stage of feasibility studies for the Xingu dams to DNAEE for review and approval, the latter withheld.
January 8, Brazilian Law establishes the National Water Resources Policy and enshrines principles for water use and management to be guided by hydrographic basins watersheds as planning units nine are recognized. The legal regulation of the environment is to be enforced through administrative, civil, and criminal law.
Plans are introduced for a run-of-the-river design with three dams: Pimental to create the Xingu channel reservoir, Belo Monte to receive water from the off-stream reservoir fed by two canals diverting water from the in-stream reservoir, and Bela Vista to help contain the off-stream reservoir.
Indigenous lands are excluded from these flooded areas. This treaty is later enacted in March President Lula demands that his federal ministers find ways to circumvent environmental and other impediments to stalled infrastructure projects throughout the country, including 18 hydroelectric dams.
July 13, Legislative Decree Number authorizes construction of Belo Monte "after carrying out technical, economic, environmental and other viability studies thought to be necessary," but it does so without consulting local indigenous peoples, in apparent violation of the Constitution Article and the ILO Convention Number The TRF1 deputy judge in Altamira grants the MPF injunction and suspends the licensing process, including public hearings to take place at the end of May.
July President Lula meets with civil society groups and dam-affected peoples and promises not to "shove Belo Monte down their throats. November 10, TRF1 Judge Edson Grillo grants the injuction, suspending the environmental licensing process for Belo Monte due to deficiencies in the public hearing process.
The licensing process resumes November February 4, Xingu Alive Forever Movement issues a public letter denouncing the approval of the preliminary license for Belo Monte.
The authors call for a participatory consensus on whether or not to build Belo Monte, based on clear, objective information.
January 26, IBAMA approves the partial installation license LI permitting preparation of the Belo Monte construction site for example, building dormitories for workers. No such environmental license exists under Brazilian law.
March 3, TFR1 Presiding Judge Olindo Menezes overturns this injunction using a legal artifice dating back to the military dictatorship, based on supposed threats to national security.
Belo Monte construction promptly resumes March 7. March The International Labor Organization ILO declares that the Brazilian government violated its commitment to Convention by not holding prior consultations with dam-affected populations. Construction of Belo Monte officially begins with a cofferdam providing artificial earthen embankments for construction of the Pimental Dam on the Xingu River.
Judge Fagundes de Deus, former legal counsel to Eletronorte, uses his "right of inspection" to postpone the trial to October October 27, An estimated indigenous people from 21 tribes, as well as fishermen, occupy the dam construction site, demanding a definitive end to project.
The protesters are evicted by court order the next day. This is the first of many occupy-style protests to come. November 9, TRF1 Judge Maria do Carmo Cardoso upholds the validity of legislative decree in a tie-breaking vote and claims that prior consultations with affected indigenous communities are unnecessary since the dam infrastructure and reservoirs are not physically located on indigenous lands.
Judge Cardoso further states indigenous peoples should consider themselves "privileged" to be consulted about large projects that affect their livelihoods and makes no mention of ILO Convention June—July An estimated indigenous people occupy the Belo Monte construction site for 21 days and dig a symbolic channel through the earthen dam blocking a portion of the Xingu.
Shown in the image at the top.Next year the Belo Monte dam will flood vast swathes of Amazon rainforest. Indian tribes living on the river have lost their fight to halt the project – .
Wilson Cabral de Sousa Júnior and John Reid publish a study in Water Alternative calculating a 72 percent chance that the costs of the Belo Monte dam will be greater than the benefits.
The authors call for a participatory consensus on whether or not to build Belo Monte, based on clear, objective information. Brazil’s dispossessed: Belo Monte dam ruinous for indigenous cultures. After carrying out a lengthy study which included testimony from numerous Response to critique .
After forty-five minutes, Lula closes the meeting by asking civil society groups to send him a specific critique of the project and orders Eletrobrás to prepare a presentation for him on their plans for Belo Monte.
The Belo Monte hydropower scheme on the River Xingu in Brazilian Amazonia symbolizes the persistent contradictions between industrial modernization and resource conservation in a fragile environment.
For over 30 years, local populations have battled with the energy authorities, contesting the top-down planning approach regularly applied in Brazilian .
Aiming to analyze the social-environmental impacts of the hydropower plants, this research seeks to investigate the capacity of mitigation of the negative effects of the implementation of the hydropower plants, specifically with regard to the Belo Monte plant, Brazil.