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The name "America" is often used to refer to the United States, but until the political formation of the United States after the Revolutionary War, this designation referred to South America only.
Contemporary use of the term to refer to the United States underlines that country's political and economic dominance in the western hemisphere. Such use of this designation is impolitic from the perspective of Canadians and Latin Americans. The United States has an Anglo majority that is politically and economically dominant.
One of the defining characteristics of the country as a nation is its legacy of slavery and the persistence of economic and social inequalities based on race.
Most Americans are aware of these differences despite the fact that these regions have experienced economic transformations and that Americans are a mobile people who often leave their regions of origin.
The Northeast is densely populated.
Its extensive corridors of urbanization have been called the national "megalopolis. The Midwest is both rural and industrial. It is the home of the family farm and is the "corn belt" and "breadbasket" of the nation. In the Great Lakes area of the upper Midwest, the automobile and steel industries were central to community and economy.
As those industries declined, the upper Midwest became known as the rust belt. The South was shaped by its secession from the Union before the Civil War and is associated with slavery and with subsequent battles over civil rights for African-Americans.
In contemporary terms, these are the sunshine states, retirement havens, and new economic frontiers. The West, the last national frontier, is associated with national dreams and myths of unlimited opportunity and individualism.
It has the nation's most open landscapes. California, along with the southwestern states were ceded to the United States by Mexico in after the Mexican-American War.
The Southwest is distinctive because of its historical ties to colonial Spain, its Native American populations, and its regional cuisine, which has been influenced by Native American and Spanish cultures. The United States is the world's fourth largest country, with an area of 3, square miles 9, square kilometers.
It includes fifty states and one federal district, where the capital, Washington, D. Its forty-eight contiguous states are situated in the middle of North America. The western border meets the Pacific Ocean, and to the east lies the Atlantic Ocean. Alaska and Hawaii are not joined to the other forty-eight states.
Alaska is at the extreme north of North America, between the Pacific and Arctic oceans, and is bordered by Canada to the east.
The island chain of Hawaii is situated in the east-central Pacific Ocean, about two thousand miles southwest of San Francisco. Although Americans generally do not consider themselves an imperial or colonial power, the country has a number of commonwealths and territories, most of which were acquired through military conquest.
United States The physical environment is extremely diverse and often spectacular.
• Multicultural Literature in the United States Today (rutadeltambor.com, • Outline of American Literature (IIP) • PBS Arts - Literature • PEN - American Center • Perspectives on American Literature: from complex metaphysical poetry to homely journals and religious history. American literature - The 18th century: In America in the early years of the 18th century, some writers, such as Cotton Mather, carried on the older traditions. His huge history and biography of Puritan New England, Magnalia Christi Americana, in , and his vigorous Manuductio ad Ministerium, or introduction to the ministry, in , were defenses of ancient Puritan convictions. During its early history, America was a series of British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States. Therefore, its literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature.
Alaska's glaciers coexist with flowering tundras that bloom in the arctic summer. The forests of the Pacific Northwest and northern California are known for giant ancient trees such as Sitka spruce and sequoia redwoods.
The physical regions of the country overlap both national boundaries and cultural regions. It is characterized by flooded river valleys that form major estuaries, such as the Chesapeake Bay.
The Appalachian Mountains span two cultural regions.
History of Science in the United States: Research Aids for the Nineteenth Century includes bibliographies of reference and other works, and historical information (namely, an indexed chronology of American science ). During its early history, America was a series of British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States. Therefore, its literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature. Regional literature has always been important in the United States. Until the end of the 19th century, American literature was dominated by the works of New Englanders, such as Cotton Mather.
Located to the west of the Atlantic coastal plain, they extend from the Middle Atlantic state of New York to the southeastern state of Georgia. The Appalachians are an old, eroded mountain range that is now heavily forested.
It is possible to traverse the entire range by walking the two-thousand-mile Appalachian Trail. The interior lowlands area also crosses regions and national borders. It includes the Midwestern corn belt and the Great Plains wheat-growing region.
The Great Plains section of the interior lowlands stretches into Canada. Major navigable inland waterways include the Mississippi River, which cuts north to south through the east-central part of the country; the Great lakes in the upper Midwest, the largest freshwater lake group in the world; and the Saint Lawrence River.
The physical environment has had significant effects on regional cultures. The rich topsoil of the Midwest made it an important agricultural area; its rivers and lakes made it central to industrial development.
However, settlers significantly transformed their environments, recreating the landscapes they had left behind in Europe.American History. The United States has a rich history, full of tumult and transformation. Explore the people, events, and movements that shaped the America of today. During its early history, America was a series of British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States.
Therefore, its literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature. Primary Source Sets.
Primary source collections exploring topics in history, literature, and culture developed by educators — complete with teaching guides for class use. Eugenics Movement in the United States. The Emergence of Modern America () US History, Science and Technology.
The Literature of the United States of America (Macmillan History of Literature) 2nd ed. Edition by Marshall Walker (Author), A. Norman Jeffares (Editor)Author: Marshall Walker. American literature: American literature, America became the United States, a nation.
By the end of the 19th century this nation extended southward to the Gulf of Mexico, northward to the 49th parallel, and westward to the Pacific.
By the end of the 19th century, too, it had taken its place among the powers of the world—its fortunes so. Regional literature has always been important in the United States.
Until the end of the 19th century, American literature was dominated by the works of New Englanders, such as Cotton Mather.